Saturday, November 30, 2013

God of love or God of judgment?

It is often claimed that the God of the Bible is schizophrenic, that the Old Testament depicts a God of judgment and the New Testament depicts a God of love.  It is also claimed that if God is loving, then it is incompatible with the idea that He is also a God of judgment.  But is this really the case?  Can true love exist in the absence of judgment or does it only exist in the presence of judgment?

Using the narrative of Jonah’s mission to Nineveh along with illustrations as diverse as James Bond, Pride and Prejudice and the Black Eyes Peas, Michael Ramsden explains the compatibility of God’s love and judgment.

You can listen to Part 1 of his message here and Part 2 here.

That you may know, Roger

Article: An Examination of the Life and Teachings of Joseph Smith by Charlie Campbell

In this featured in-depth article, Charlie Campbell of Always Be Ready examines the life and teachings of Joseph Smith.

An outline of the article is as follows:

  • The Origin of the Mormon Church
  • Four Unbiblical Teachings of the Mormon Church
  • Evidence the Book of Mormon Cannot be the Word of God
  • Sharing the Truth with Mormon Missionaries 

Courage and Godspeed,

Friday, November 29, 2013

Article: Reaching Those Who Are Disinterested by J. Warner Wallace

Sometimes it is difficult to persuade fellow Christians of the importance of apologetics.  I myself have had to make an "apologetic" for the discipline of apologetics to believers.  In the past, I have even given a talk entitled, "The Case for Apologetics."

In this featured article, author and speaker J. Warner Wallace gives some tips on how to get those who are disinterested in Christian case-making interested.

You can check it out here.

Courage and Godspeed,

Wednesday, November 27, 2013

Video: Are People Born Gay or Not? by Alan Shlemon

This past weekend I attended an apologetics conference hosted by Mt. Airy Bible Church.  One of the speakers was Alan Shlemon of Stand to Reason.  His talk was entitled, "Homosexuality: Truth and Compassion."  Simply put, Shlemon's talk was the best I've heard from a Christian apologist on the topic and I told him so afterward.

In the video above, Alan answers the question, "Are people born gay?" and also provides some resources for those who want to learn more.

I also would want recommend Alan's article Homosexuality: Know the Truth, Speak It with Compassion.  You can find it here.

Finally, Truthbomb team member Chase Deener has highly recommended Shlemon's small book The Ambassador's Guide to Understanding Homosexuality.  

Courage and Godspeed,

Tuesday, November 26, 2013

Video: Is Jesus Really the Only Way to Heaven? by Chad A. Gross

On November 17, 2013, I had the opportunity to speak at my home church Faith Christian Fellowship.  I am grateful for a pastor that is willing to give me these opportunities to learn.  

What I have learned as I have spoken at few different area churches is that there is only so much information you can pack into 50 minutes and I always wish I had more time.  Further, when I go back and listen to my own messages to critique them (I am my own worst critic), I find myself wishing I would have clarified a statement or pointed out a resource.

So, above you will find my most recent talk, Is Jesus Really the Only Way to Heaven?, and I encourage you to take the time to read the footnotes as well.  In them I plan to point listeners to some great resources and clarify or expound on a few comments I made.  Finally, I will provide references for those who want to dig a little deeper or checkout some of the materials I refer to or used.


Courage and Godspeed,


1. Charles Templeton, Farewell to God, p. 27
2. For more of Ravi Zacharias's work, see here.
3. Survey as quoted by Doug Groothuis in Christian Apologetics, p. 567; also see here.
4. The paper by Dr. Norman Geisler that I refer to can be found here.  In it, he writes:

"A. T. Robertson said the real concern is with about a “thousandth part of the entire text.” So, the reconstructed text of the New Testament 99.9 percent free from real concern."

Here, admittedly, the estimates of the NT reliability range from 98.33%-99.9%, but regardless of what percentages one holds to, the reliable of the NT is incredibly high and the variants so often referred to have no impact on any one central Christian doctrine.

5. Bart Ehrman, Misquoting Jesus, p. 252.
6. Regarding my point that "Ehrman believes that we have what originally written down," I should have been more concise.  The point I was making is that Ehrman believes that the NT has been accurately preserved.  He writes in Misquoting Jesus, regarding Professor Bruce Metzger, whom he refers to as "one of the great scholars of modern times" the following:

"If he [Metzger] and I were put in a room and asked to hammer out a consensus statement on what we think the original text of the New Testament probably looked like, there would be very few points of disagreement...." [p. 252]

Obviously, Metzger believed that the New Testament had been accurately handed down and so by inference we can conclude that Ehrman does as well because he admits that his position in this area differs little from Metzgers'.  However, this surely does not imply, nor am I trying to do so, that Ehrman believes what is recorded in the NT.

A great article that supports my position can be found here.

7. A great book that deals with many of Ehrman's claims is Timothy Paul Jones's book Misquoting Truth.  Further, you can find some great online resources here and here.
8. For an outstanding book on the reliability of the Gospels, see Jim Wallace's work Cold-Case Christianity.  Our review is here.
9. For examples of how the Bible is confirmed by archaeology, see here or here.
10."Taking the Roof Off" is one of the many tactics Greg Koukl teaches in his book Tactics.  This book should be required reading for all of those that want to learn different tactics to use when discussing their Christian convictions.  Our review of the book is here.  Finally, you can find a lecture here by Greg Koukl on how to discuss your Christian beliefs without sounding defensive.
11. You can order your own "Contradict" bumper sticker here.
12. My point when I said I wanted to ask the atheist gentlemen how he knew what was right and wrong was not meant to imply that atheists are not moral.  My conviction is that atheism itself cannot ground objective moral truths.
13. My goal in this talk was to address a broad type of religious pluralism.  I was operating under the assumption that most people who claim that "All religious lead to God" believe that God is in heaven.  Surely, some of the religions mentioned don't even believe in a heaven; however, pointing out to folks that religions all teach things that contradict is a great way to shake their confidence in the idea that "all roads lead to the same place."  Were I addressing pluralism in a more academic manner, I would surely be a bit more precise, but my goal in this talk was practicality.  Further, here I am indebted to Aaron Brake and his excellent article The Six Blind Men and the Elephant: A Case for Religious Pluralism? 
14. Norman Geisler, If God Why Evil?, p. 115.
15. Ibid.; p. 116. (Problem in Logical Form)
14. I believe I heard Frank Turek make a comment like this in a talk he did at Hood College years ago; however, a similar point is made on p. 46 of his book I Don't Have Enough Faith to be an Atheist.
15. One of the many articles that tell of some of the accounts former Muslims are reporting can be found here.
16. The Greg Koukl video can be found here.
17. You can read Strobel's interview with Charles Templeton in Strobel's book The Case for Faith, p. 7-18.

Monday, November 25, 2013

Why Do Young People Become Atheists?

In this brief ten minute podcast, William Lane Craig reviews an article written by Larry Taunton for The Atlantic entitled "Listening to Young Atheists: Lessons for a Stronger Christianity."

The podcast and article review commonalities of  young people who are members of the Secular Student Alliance (SSA) and Freethought Societies (FS). These groups are basically the atheist versions of Campus Crusade. They were asked to participate in a study via the Fixed Point Foundation website.

The article and podcast discuss that these young people in most cases:
  • Attended church
  • Saw the mission and messages of their church as vague
  • Were given superficial answers to life's difficult questions
  • Expressed respect for ministers who took the Bible seriously
  • Ages 14-17 were decisive
  • Their decision to embrace unbelief was an emotional one
  • The Internet factored heavily in their conversion to atheism
The article can be found here.

WLC's podcast can be found here.

Sunday, November 24, 2013

Saturday, November 23, 2013

Should You Think For Yourself? - Redux

John Mark Reynolds and Holly Ordway of Houston Baptist University revisit this question on the podcast of The City Online, a publication of the University.

You can listen to the redux here.

You can listen to the original podcast here.

Stand firm in Christ,

Friday, November 22, 2013

Movie Preview: "Noah"

Here is the trailer for the upcoming Paramount Pictures release "Noah" starring Russell Crowe and Anthony Hopkins.  What do you think of the trailer?  I certainly have many questions!  Sound off below!

Courage and Godspeed,

Note to readers: This post is by no means an endorsement of the film.  

Thursday, November 21, 2013

Why Didn't Jesus Reveal Scientific Facts to Demonstrate His Deity?

J. Warner Wallace answers this question he encountered during a recent speaking engagement by examining three things:
  • The Nature of the Gospel Accounts
  • The Nature of the Ancient Audience
  • The Nature of the Miraculous Evidence
You can read the full answer here.

Stand firm in Christ,

Wednesday, November 20, 2013

Article: Undesigned Coincidences- Part 6 by Tim McGrew

Here is Pt. 6 of Tim McGrew's series on "undesigned coincidences" found in the pages of scripture.

Part I is here.

Part II is here.

Part III is here.

Part IV is here.

Part V is here.


Courage and Godspeed,

Tuesday, November 19, 2013

Video: Why is Jesus the Only Way to Salvation? by Greg Koukl

In this brief video, Greg Koukl gives an illustration that demonstrates why it is reasonable to claim that Jesus is the only way to salvation.


Courage and Godspeed,

Monday, November 18, 2013

Theologian R.C. Sproul on the Uniqueness of Jesus

"Moses could mediate on the law; Muhammad could brandish a sword; Buddha could give personal counsel; Confucius could offer wise sayings; but none of these men was qualified to offer an atonement for the sins of the world...Christ alone is worthy of unlimited devotion and service." [1]

Courage and Godspeed,


1. R.C. Sproul, Reason to Believe (Grand Rapids, Mich.: Lamplighter Books, 1982), 44-45.

Sunday, November 17, 2013

Saturday, November 16, 2013

Book Review: Killing Jesus - Thoughts for Apologists

“You are about to enter the no-spin zone.”  So states Bill O’Reilly at the start of the O’Reilly Factor airing each evening on the Fox News Channel.  Following the success of his previous books Killing Lincoln and Killing Kennedy, he and his co-author Martin Dugard decide to apply their no-spin, fact based take on the life and death of Jesus of Nazareth in Killing Jesus.  They state in the introduction that “…we have the Gospels of Matthew, Mark, Luke and John, but they sometimes appear contradictory and were written from a spiritual point of view rather than as a historical chronicling of Jesus’ life.”  They claim to be interested in telling the truth and that this is a fact based book, not a religious book.  They want us to understand what was going on in the world around Jesus.  Rome dominated the world, tolerated no dissent and “human life was worth little.”

When I first picked the book, I immediately turned to the back to see if the authors cited their sources.  And what to my wondering eyes did appear?  Recent works by scholars whose names will be very familiar to students of apologetics and the historic Jesus.  The recommended readings from the Sources for the Historical Jesus section included:

     ·         Jesus Under Fire: Modern Scholarship Reinvents the Historical Jesus, Edited by Michael J. Wilkins and J.P. Moreland
     ·         Studying the Historical Jesus: A Guide to Sources and Methods, by Darrell L. Bock
     ·         Will the Real Jesus Please Stand Up? A debate between William Lane Craig and John Dominic Crossan, edited by Paul Copan
     ·         The Historical Jesus of the Gospels, by Craig S Keener
     ·         The Resurrection of Jesus: A New Historiographical Approach, Michael R. Licona
     ·          “A more theological take on Jesus can be found in C. S. Lewis’s insightful and dense Mere Christianity

The book is divided into three sections: Book 1, The World of Jesus, Book 2, Behold the Man and Book 3, If You Are the Son of God, Take Yourself Off This Cross.  Readers who may be squeamish need to be aware that there are some graphic descriptions of the brutal atrocities and depravity of the cultures at the time.  Chapter one describes Herod’s murderous record and physical ailments as the facts begin with the slaughter of the children in Bethlehem.

The next two chapters chronicle the rise, warfare, affairs and assassination of Julius Caesar, who is posthumously deified as Divus Julius, god Julius, and the Roman civil war that follows which results in the victory and rise to power of Caesar Augustus.  Following Divus Julius, Augustus affects the title Divi Filius, son of god.  This is an important point to keep in mind as the the context is set for Jesus' own claims.

The remainder of Book 1 completes the picture, detailing the rule of Herod Antipas’ and the difficulty of life in Galilee setting the scene for Jesus and the message he is about to bring.

Book 2, Behold the Man, is a harmonization of the historical accounts of Jesus’ teachings and ministry from his entry into the public realm to his preparation to enter Jerusalem.  The authors are quite clear about who Jesus claims himself to be.  When he goes back to Nazareth and reads from the scroll of Isaiah, he boldly declares that what he has read refers to himself.  He “has issued three pronouncements about his identity: one to the public in Jerusalem, one to Nicodemus the Pharisee, and the third in the intimate setting of his own town synagogue…he has declared himself to be the Son of God”, Divi Filius.

While the majority of the narrative is consistent with the facts of which we are familiar, there are several moments in the book where I found myself scratching my head asking, “Where did they get that fact come from?”  Such moments include the following:

·         The message of John the Baptizer is described as, “Wade into the water and be cleansed of your sins, or this newly anointed ruler – this ’Christ’ – will punish you in the most horrible manner possible.”  
·         When Jesus comes to John the Baptist, it is stated that a dove suddenly lands on his shoulder.  The authors exclaim, “the dove changes everything.”  Furthermore, the people who are present and witness this suddenly “drop to their knees and press their faces into the earth.  Jesus does not react to this sign of worship.  He does nothing to discourage it, either.”  John then declares when he baptizes Jesus that “this is the Son of God.”
·         It is reported that Jesus calls Simon (Peter) a second time.  “He knows Jesus from their previous meeting during the summer, as he and some others were fishing…  At the time, Jesus had called upon Simon and his brother Andrew to join him as he preached his message throughout Galilee and to save souls by becoming ‘fishers of men.’  While Simon had initially accepted that call to evangelism, he also has a wife and mother-in-law to care for. The task of being one of Jesus’s disciples and spreading the word about his message is difficult to balance with his need to make a living.  His commitment to Jesus has flagged.  But now Jesus is back…”
·         The authors claim that, “Whether knowingly or unknowingly, Jesus has led a life that is a continual fulfillment of Jewish prophecy…if Jesus chooses to ride into Jerusalem at Passover astride a donkey, he will be sending a powerful message…Jesus is clever enough to act out any prophecy…But Jesus would be a fool to ride a donkey into Jerusalem.  That would be a death sentence.” 
·         When Jesus is convicted by the Sanhedrin, “the verdict is passed by simple consensus.  The only voices of dissent come from Nicodemus and a wealthy Sadducee named Joseph of Arimathea.”

However, there were also a few moments when I found the authors presenting context and detail that caused me to consider, “That’s an interesting thought”.

·         When the authors discuss the Sermon on the Mount, which they say “may be the most important speech in history,” they also raise an interesting consideration about the context for the Lord’s Prayer: “It’s all there.  Everything that a peasant in Galilee can relate to as a part of life under Roman rule: the need to rely on God, the worry about daily nourishment, the constant struggle to stay out of debt, and, finally, a reminder that in the midst of this cruel life, succumbing to the temptations to lie, cheat, steal, or sleep with another man’s wife is a false act that will only lead people farther and farther from God.”
·         When Jesus is addressing the crowd about John the Baptist, he asks the crowd, “What did you go out into the desert to see?  A reed swayed by the winds?  A man dressed in fine clothes?  No, those who wear fine clothes are in kings’ palaces.”  Why did Jesus mention a reed?  A footnote points out that Herod Antipas’ personal emblem of rule was a reed.  This makes sense in the context of the questions.
·         As an apologist, I couldn’t help but smile when I read, “Jesus is not a prince like Moses or a warrior like David.  He is an intellectual.  He deals in logic.” 
·         The authors also give a tip-of-the-hat to C. S. Lewis when they state that “to claim he is the Son of God would make Jesus one of three things: a lunatic, a liar, or a divinity who fulfills Scripture.  Few in the crowd believe that Jesus is deranged or a charlatan.  But will they make that incredible leap to believe that Jesus is God in the flesh?”
·         When Jesus calls the Pharisees a brood of vipers, a footnote points out, “It was a widespread belief at the time that vipers were hatched inside their mother, then ate their way through her skin to get out.”  From this, it is inferred that Jesus is essentially calling the religious authorities murderers of their own parents, a loathsome distinction in Jewish society.
·         When Jesus is buried by Nicodemus and Joseph, the book states that “a criminal’s presence in a tomb desecrates it…for a member of the Sanhedrin to touch a dead body on Passover makes him unclean and disqualifies him from eating the Seder.  By law, Joseph and Nicodemus will be declared impure and must undergo a seven-day cleansing ritual.”

As Jesus prepares to enter Jerusalem at the close of Book 2, it is clear that the disciples think he will one day rule the land, but he tells them he will be killed and raised on the third day.  They have no idea what this means.

Book 3, If You Are the Son of God, Take Yourself off This Cross, gives the account of the events of Passover week that end ultimately in his crucifixion.  “He has been very specific with the disciples that he is more than just an earthly Christ.  They don’t understand.  He has told them again and again that he is a divine being, the Son of God.  They cannot comprehend that concept.  Jesus has made it clear that he is the Christ but that his kingdom is not of this world.  They don’t understand what he’s talking about.  Three times, Jesus has told his disciples that he will die this week.  But his followers refuse even to contemplate that.”

Then, Judas makes his deal with the high priests. The authors seem to believe that Judas thinks that “Jesus will be arrested and then declare himself to be the Christ.  If the Nazarene truly is the Messiah, then he will have no problem saving himself from Caiaphas and the high priests.  However, if Jesus is not the Christ, he will die.”

Finally, he is executed and “…Jesus is clearly dead.  The spear rupturing the pericardial sac around his heart left no doubt.”

So what do we make of this “fact” based account of the life and death of Jesus of Nazareth?  It is well-researched, but it is by no means a scholarly product.  The absence of citations within the text will be frustrating for those readers interested in digging deeper and verifying certain “facts”.
However, the author’s purpose was to write a novelized account to a popular level audience.  It seeks to harmonize the historical evidence of the four gospel accounts while using broad brush strokes to paint a picture of the ragged and often brutal life in first century Palestine under Roman rule.  In this respect, I think the authors are successful, describing Jesus’ life and teachings in the context of the world at that time.  I found it an enjoyable read with the narrative progressing at a quick pace.  Though the authors expressed that it was not their intention for the book to be a religious treatise, I found some of what I read causing me to think a little deeper about my understanding of Jesus life and teachings.

Apologetically, the authors are clear about why Jesus didn’t make his proclamations openly and publicly that he is the Jewish Messiah, the Son of God.  To do so would have resulted in immediate execution by either the Jews for blasphemy or the Romans for treason.  The authors are also clear that Jesus did make such claims both implicitly and explicitly.  He clearly understood that his mission was not to establish a new kingdom for Israel, free from the oppression of Rome and its puppet potentates.   His purpose was to teach the truth about God in a world crushed by brutal and debauched men of power.  To this the religious leaders were blinded by their self-righteous pride. He rode into Jerusalem, in complete control of his faculties and allowed himself to be humiliated and killed.

In conclusion, Jesus of Nazareth claimed to be the Son of God in a culture in which it was blasphemy, in an empire in which it was treason.  For this he was executed and buried in the tomb of Joseph of Arimathea.  But Mary Magdalene and some of the other women found the tomb empty and “[to] this day, the body of Jesus of Nazareth has never been found.”  These are the facts.  This is the evidence.  Presented to the reader “fair and balanced.”  “We report, you decide.”  Let the conversations begin.

That you may know,

Roger (Col 3:23)

Friday, November 15, 2013

Article: Three M's That Naturalism Can' t Provide by J. Warner Wallace

In this featured article, author and speaker J. Warner Wallace argues that naturalism cannot account for:
  • mind
  • morality
  • meaning

You can read the article here.

Courage and Godspeed,

Thursday, November 14, 2013

Video: "What Good is Apologetics in a Postmodern Culture?" featuring William Lane Craig

In this brief video (4:57), William Lane Craig challenges the oft-repeated notion that we live in a postmodern culture.

Courage and Godspeed,

Tuesday, November 12, 2013

The Late Agnostic Charles Templeton on Jesus of Nazareth

"He was...the greatest human being who has ever lived.  He was a moral genius.  His ethical sense was unique.  He was the intrinsically wisest person that I've ever encountered in my life or in my readings.  His commitment was total and led to his own death, much to the detriment of the world.  What could one say about him except that this was a form of greatness?...He's the most important thing in my life.  I know it may sound strange, but I have to say...I adore him!" [1]

Courage and Godspeed,

1. Lee Strobel, The Case for Faith, Interview with Charles Templeton, p. 17.

Monday, November 11, 2013

Do You Take the Bible Literally?

In the November/December 2013 issue of Solid Ground, Greg Koukl clears up the theological confusion in answering this question and upholds the Word of God as inerrant and authoritative while doing so.

This issue also provides some key concepts to understand and interpret Scripture more accurately no matter what level of education one has.

You can find this issue of Solid Ground here.

Stand firm in Christ,

Sunday, November 10, 2013

Saturday, November 09, 2013

Every Doubt is a Leap of Faith

“[S]keptics must learn to look for a type of faith hidden within their reasoning.  All doubts, however skeptical and cynical they may seem, are really a set of alternate beliefs. . . The reason you doubt Christianity’s Belief A is because you hold unprovable Belief B.  Every doubt, therefore, is based on a leap of faith.”

[Some will say], “‘My doubts are not based on a leap of faith.  I have no beliefs about God one way or another.  I simply feel no need for God and I am not interested in thinking about it.’  But hidden beneath this feeling is the very modern American belief that the existence of God is a matter of indifference unless it intersects with my emotional needs.  The speaker is betting his or her life that no God exists who would hold you accountable for your beliefs and behavior if you didn’t feel the need for him.  That may be true or it may not be true, but again, it is quite a leap of faith.

The only way to doubt Christianity rightly and fairly is to discern the alternate belief under each of your doubts and then to ask yourself what reasons you have for believing it.  How do you know your belief is true?  It would be inconsistent to require more justification for Christian belief than you do for your own, but that is frequently what happens. In fairness you must doubt your doubts.  My thesis is that if you come to recognize the beliefs on which your doubts about Christianity are based, and if you seek as much proof for those beliefs as you seek from Christians for theirs – you will discover that your doubts are not as solid as they first appeared.”

From the Introduction to The Reason for God, by Timothy Keller

The you may know,

Friday, November 08, 2013

A Reason for Living

What do you mean when you say “I want to be free”?  What is necessary for you to have complete freedom?  If you want complete freedom, then you cannot believe in God, because if you believe in God, then your freedom will be limited.  Yet, if you have complete freedom, then everything is meaningless.  But the consequences that result from meaninglessness are contradictory and unlivable.

Check out this message as Timothy Keller explains the logic of the argument and the contradictions that follow while demonstrating that real freedom is possible and we can have a reason for living.

For more information about Timothy Keller and Redeemer Presbyterian Church, you can go

That you may know,

Thursday, November 07, 2013

Article: Undesigned Coincidences- Part 5 by Tim McGrew

Here is Pt 5 of Tim McGrew's series on the "undesigned coincidences" found in the pages of scripture.

Pt 1 is here.

Pt 2 is here.

Pt 3 is here.

Pt 4 is here.


Courage and Godspeed,

Tuesday, November 05, 2013

Video: Origins of the Universe- Has Hawking Eliminated God? with Dr. William Lane Craig and Dr. Rodney Holder

This was an interesting lecture given by Dr. William Lane Craig.  In the talk, Dr. Craig deals with the claims made by Stephen Hawking and Leonard Mlodinow in their best-selling book The Grand Design.

In the talk, Craig deals with:

  • their claim that philosophy is dead
  • their philosophical arguments in the book
  • why theism is the only hope for the multi-verse
  • and more!
Physicist Rodney Holder does a follow up to Dr. Craig's critique of the book and his additional insights are thought provoking.


Courage and Godspeed,

Note to Readers: This post was originally up yesterday, but had to be taken down due to technical difficulties.  Our apologies and thank you for reading!

Monday, November 04, 2013

C.S. Lewis: 50 Years Later

In this Haven Today five part series which aired in mid October, Alister McGrath and Douglas Gresham discuss the life, work, and impact of C.S. Lewis. You can listen to the entire series here under "Alister McGrath" and "Douglas Gresham".

Stand firm in Christ,

Sunday, November 03, 2013

Happy Birthday to our Truthbomb Director!

I'd like to take a moment and wish a very "Happy Birthday" to the founder of Truthbomb Apologetics, Mr. Chad Gross.  Thank you for all you do and we hope you enjoy your day!

You've been a blessing to myself and many others through your ministry!

Happy Birthday!

Sunday Praise: "Beautiful Things" by Gungor

Stand firm in Christ,

Saturday, November 02, 2013

How We Got the Bible: Manuscripts of Special Interest

In chapter seven of the book, Lighfoot describes a few more manuscripts all of which are illuminated (to be inscribed with gold or silver and dyed with color) and originated from the British Isles. These three manuscripts are:
The Codex Amiatinus:  Dates to the late sixth century and is the earliest complete Vulgate copy of the Bible and also the best manuscript of the Vulgate. It weighs about 75 pounds, has 1,040 leaves and was accurately copied in a beautiful hand at the twin monasteries Wearmouth and Jarrow. It is located at the Laurentian Library at Florence.
The Lindisfarne Gospels:  Written at a monastery in Lindisfarne around 698, this manuscript survived viking pirate raids and being washed overboard. The main text is a good copy of the Latin Vulgate and the subordinate text, written two and a half centuries later, is an Anglo-Saxon translation. This subordinate text represents the oldest extant verision of the Four Gospels in any form of English. Lightfoot says that the illuminations of this manuscript are a “marvel”. Currently resides in Durham.
The Book of Kells:  Dates around 800 and produced in Iona, though this is not certain. All but two of the 680 pages are decorated to the point that many scholars consider it the greatest wonder of the world in the world of books. The manuscript is the Four Gospels written in Latin and is located at the library of Trinity College, Dublin.
Stand firm in Christ,

Friday, November 01, 2013

Article: The Frustrating Fallacy of Friendship Evangelism by J. Warner Wallace

In this featured article, J. Warner Wallace contends that so-called "friendship evangelism" is "a natural, fallen, human response to the fear of discomfort and worldly judgement."

What did Jesus teach about evangelism?  What should our attitude toward evangelism be?

Checkout this article for the answers to these questions and more.

Courage and Godspeed,