Tuesday, March 31, 2009

Flash Video: Does God Exist? The Moral Argument

The Apologetics Study Bible, put out by B & H Publishing Group, is a great tool to equip yourself to answer the questions of the unbeliever effectively.

An amazing feature offered by the Bible's companion website is the Apologetics Study Bible Curriculum. This curriculum offers flash videos that explain key arguments for Christianity. Arguments for the existence of God, the resurrection of Jesus, and miracles are just some the topics dealt with.

This flash video deals with the Moral Argument for God's existence. I encourage our readers and team members to click through the video and share your thoughts.

Courage and Godspeed,
Chad A. Gross

Monday, March 30, 2009

Apologist Profile: Greg Koukl

: Greg Koukl will be speaking at Faith Christian Fellowship in Williamsport, Maryland on May 17th, 2009. Keep watching the blog for details!

Our apologist in focus this week is Stand to Reason's Greg Koukl. Koukl has been debating topics that relate to Christianity for over 30 years.

He heads up Stand to Reason, an organization dedicated to training and equipping ambassadors for Christ since 1993. Further, he has hosted a call-in radio show in Los Angeles (also entitled Stand to Reason) since 1990.

Educational Background

1. M.A. in Philosophy of Religion and Ethics with high honors, member Kappa Tau Epsilon, Talbot Scholastic Honor Society (May 2006)

2. Tolbot School of Theology-La Marida, CA
M.A. in Apologetics, with honors (May 1994)

3. Simon Greenleaf University-Anaheim, CA
B.A. in Biblical Studies (May 1997)

4. Azusa Pacific University-Azusa, CA

5. Also studied at Northern Illinois University (1969-70), Michigan State University (1970-72), and UCLA (1973-74)


Tactics: A Game Plan for Discussing Your Christian Convictions

View our review of Tactics here.

Relativism: Feet Firmly Planted in Mid-Air
, co-authored with Francis Beckwith



A Good Reason for Evil- What is evil? Could it have a purpose? Here is a view of evil from an adult rather than a childish perspective.

God is not Responsible- Are people who commit crimes in the name of Christianity Christians?

The Strength of God and the Problem of Evil- What makes you think the ability to take away evil from the world has anything to do with God's strength?

Faith and Facts
- Can you give a good definition of biblical faith? How does it relate to science?

For all of Greg's apologetics articles, see here.


Abortion for Rape Victims?

The Moral Logic of being Pro-Life

I'm Not Dead Yet- Why are human beings valuable? What is a human being? You have to answer those questions before you can say that this child isn't a human being without value.

For the rest of Greg's Bio-Ethics articles, see here. For his articles on Ethics and homosexuality, see here.


Faith and Philosophy- For some Christians (and even non-Christians), faith and philosophy are strange companions. When used properly, philosophy is a friend, not a foe, an ally, not an antagonist.

Jesus, Presuppositions, and the True Message of the Gospel
- Is truth a person? Is truth a spirit? Or is truth a word? Truth is the relationship between a claim and the way the world really is.

Tips to Help You Think Clearly

For the rest of Greg's philosophy articles, see here.

Science and Evolution

Can Science Test Prayer?

Science Isn't, Science Is
- To say Intelligent Design isn't Science involves two false assumptions

Evolution- Philosophy, Not Science- Greg shows that Darwin's General Theory of Evolution has nothing to do with science.

For the rest of Greg's science and evolution, see here.


Acts and the Voice of God- How does God speak to us?

Cosmic Child Abuse- Is the cross actually a cruel punishment revealing God as vengeful?

Jesus, the Only Savior- Greg explains why there is not such thing as a pluralist Christian.

Greg also offers articles addressing Culture and Christianity and Miscellaneous topics.

Stand to Reason's website offers a wealth of resources for the thinking Christian. I highly recommend it and Mr. Koukl's works.

Courage and Godspeed,
Chad A. Gross

Thursday, March 26, 2009

Book Excerpt: Why Pro-Life? by Randy Alcorn

Book excerpt:

"Pro-choice advocates once commonly stated, "It's uncertain when human life begins; that's a religious question that cannot be answered by science." Most have abandoned this position because it's contradicted by decades of scientific evidence. However, this out-of-date belief is so deeply engrained in our national psyche that it's still widely believed.

The only way pro-choice logic can prevail is if people believe the unborn are less than fully human.

Are they?

What Science Says

Dr. Alfred M. Bongioanni, professor of obstetrics at the University of Pennsylvania, stated, "I have learned from my earliest medical education that human life begins at the time of conception...human life is present throughout this entire sequence from conception to adulthood...any interruption at any point throughout this time constitutes a termination of human life."

Speaking of the early stages of a child's development in the womb, Professor Bongioanni said, "I am not more prepared to say that these early stages represent an incomplete human being than I would be to say that the child prior to the dramatic effects of puberty is not a human being. This is human life at every stage."

Dr. Jerome LeJeune, the genetics professor at the University of Descartes in Paris, stated, "After fertilization has taken place a new human being has come into being." He said, this "is no longer a matter of taste or opinion. Each individual has a very neat beginning, at conception.

Professor Micheline Matthews-Roth of Harvard University Medical School said, "It is scientifically correct to say that an individual human life begins at conception."

The moment of each person's creation is the moment of his conception. Before that moment the individual (with his unique DNA) did not exist. From that moment he does exist.

It's not merely pro-life people who believe this. The owner of Oregon's largest abortion clinic testified under oath, "Of course human life begins at conception." The award-winning secular book From Conception to Birth documents the child's beginning at conception and his movement toward birth.

How clear is the proof that human life begins at conception? So clear that the Missouri General Assembly overwhelmingly approved a 2003 bill which stated, "The general assembly of this state finds that: (1) The life of each human being begins at conception; (2) Unborn children have protectable interests in life, health, and well-being...The term 'unborn children' of 'unborn child' shall include all unborn child or children or the offspring of human beings from the moment of conception until birth at every stage of biological development."

Courage and Godspeed,

Chad A. Gross

Wednesday, March 25, 2009

Article: Analyzing Christopher Hitchens' Case against God

Love him or hate him, Christopher Hitchens has guts. He is not afraid to debate anyone and freely speaks his mind. One should give credit where credit is due and Hitchens deserves props for debating all comers.

However, Mr. Hitchens rejects the God of Christianity for numerous faulty reasons. I remember listening to a debate between Hitchens and Dr. Frank Turek and if someone asked me to sum up Hitchens' arguments in that debate, it would go something like this:

1. compliant + compliant = no God
2. compliant + a theist who has done bad things = no God
3. God doesn't act the way I think He should; therefore, God doesn't exist

In an article entitled, Analyzing Christopher Hitchens' Case against God, the Wintery Knight examines the arguments used by Hitchens in his debate with Turek.

In summing up Hitchens' arguments, Turek said it best: "There is no God, and I hate Him."
However, Turek also went on to say, "There is a God and He loves Christopher Hitchens..."

I encourage our readers to check out the Wintery Knight's analysis here.

Courage and Godspeed,
Chad A. Gross

Tuesday, March 24, 2009

Audio: Arguments for the Existence of God by William Lane Craig

As the upcoming Hitchens vs. Craig debate nears, I thought it would be useful to listen to this audio in which Dr. Craig presents some arguments for the existence of God. With a special focus on the Kalam argument, Dr. Craig sets forth a case for the Theistic God.

Audio - Arguments for the Existence of God MP3

The audio was found here.

Courage and Godspeed,
Chad A. Gross

Monday, March 23, 2009

Apologist Profile: Dr. William Lane Craig

Dr. William Lane Craig, philosopher and Christian apologist, has debated numerous individuals on various topics- the resurrection of Jesus, the existence of God, Christianity vs. Atheism, and much more. He is considered by many to be the top Christian debater on the planet.

He also has a forthcoming debate with popular atheist Christopher Hitchens. You can find out more about that debate here. Please keep watching the blog this week for more on Dr. Craig and Mr. Hitchens.

Educational Background

Wheaton College — B. A. Communications, high honors

Trinity Evangelical Divinity School — M. A. Philosophy of Religion,
summa cum laude

Trinity Evangelical Divinity School — M. A. Church History,
summa cum laude

University of Birmingham, England —
Ph.D. Philosophy

Universit√§t M√ľnchen, Germany — D. Theol. Theology


Reasonable Faith: Christian Truth and Apologetics

The Kalam Cosmological Argument

The Son Rises

Will the Real Jesus Please Stand Up?: A debate between Dr. William Lane Craig and John Dominic McCrossan

Time and Eternity: Exploring God's Relationship to Time

For a complete list of Dr. Craig's publications, see here.


Existence of God

Creation, Providence, and Miracle

The Ultimate Question of Origins

The Resurrection of Theism

The Indispensability of Theological Meta-Ethical Foundations for Morality

The Teleological Argument And The Anthropic Principle

Historical Jesus

Rediscovering the Historical Jesus: The Evidence for Jesus

The Guard at the Tomb

The Problem Of Miracles

The Historicity of the Empty Tomb of Jesus

Contemporary Scholarship and the Historical Evidence for the Resurrection of Jesus Christ

The Bodily Resurrection of Jesus

Divine Eternity

God, Time, and Eternity

Timelessness and Creation

God and Real Time

On the Argument for Divine Timelessness from the Incompleteness of Temporal Life

Christian Particularism

Does the Balance Between Saved and Lost Depend on Our Obedience to Christ’s Great Commission?

Should Peter Get A New Philosophical Advisor?

Politically Incorrect Salvation


Dr. Craig has debated scores of the most notable atheists, agnostics, and skeptics around. You can see a list of his debates here and you can find transcripts from many of his debates here.

I encourage our readers to study Dr. Craig's works. He is a brilliant debater, engaging personality, and, as Dr. J.P. Moreland has said, "he lives a life of integrity and lives out what he believes."

May the same be said for all who claim the name of Christ.

Courage and Godspeed,
Chad A. Gross

Wednesday, March 18, 2009

Article: Six Enemies of Apologetic Engagement by Doug Groothuis

Doug Groothuis teaches philosophy at Denver Seminary and is the author of seven books.

In this article, entitled Six Enemies of Apologetic Engagement, Groothuis lays out 6 areas that he believes hinders Christian's from engaging in apologetics.

They are:

1. Indifference
2. Irrationalism
3. Ignorance
4. Cowardice
5. Arrogance and Intellectual Vanity
6. Superficial Techniques and schlock apologetics

The apathy of many believers toward apologetics must be challenged. This article is a great place to start!

I also encourage you to check out Doug's blog, The Constructive Curmudgeon.

Courage and Godspeed,
Chad A. Gross

Tuesday, March 17, 2009

Video: Prepare to Defend Christianity by John Lennox

In this brief video(2:10), Dr. John Lennox explains how followers of Christ can be prepare to share their faith and how to best respond to questions others may have, even if you don't know the answer. The video can be found here.

If you are just starting to study apologetics, this is a great little talk that provides practical ways to put your study into practice.

I encourage our readers to check out more of Lennox's work here.

Also, you may want to check out this debate that Dr. Lennox had with Oxford Professor Richard Dawkins.

Courage and Godspeed,
Chad A. Gross
* The audio version of this brief talk is also available via the video link provided.

Monday, March 16, 2009

Apologist Profile: Dr. Norman Geisler

Philosopher and Christian Apologist, Dr. Norman Geisler, has written over 60 books dealing with Christian apologetics, has taken part in numerous debates, and has lectured and traveled in 50 states and 25 countries on six continents.

Educational Background

William Tyndale College, 1950-55 (diploma); University of Detroit, 1956-57; Wheaton College, 1958 (B.A. in philosophy); Wheaton Graduate School, 1960 (M.A. in theology); William Tyndale College, 1964 (Th.B.); Wayne State University Graduate School, 1964 (work in philosophy); University of Detroit Graduate School, 1965-66 (work on M.A. in philosophy); Northwestern University, Evanston, 1968 (work in philosophy); Loyola University, Chicago, 1967-70 (Ph.D. in philosophy). [1]


I Don't Have Enough Faith to be an Atheist, co-authored with Dr. Frank Turek

Christian Apologetics

Introduction to Philosophy: A Christian Perspective, co-authored with Paul Feinberg

From God to Us: How We got our Bible, co-authored with William Nix

Why I am a Christian: Leading Thinkers Explain why the Believe, co-edited with Paul K. Hoffman

Baker Encyclopedia of Christian Apologetics

For an exhaustive look at Dr. Geisler's education credentials, honors, professional experience, debates, and publications, see here.


Bible Difficulties

Questions about the Bible- excerpt from When Skeptic's Ask

Alleged Errors in Luke

The Bible: Has it been translated correctly?, with John Ankerberg

Bible Criticism, taken from the Baker Encyclopedia of Christian Apologetics

Was Adam a Real, Historical Person?, taken from the Baker Encyclopedia of Christian Apologetics

Reasons to Trust the Scriptures

Questions about God/Jesus Christ

Questions about God-Some Objections

Questions about God- What Kind of God Exists?

Questions about Jesus Christ

The Death of Christ, taken from the Baker Encyclopedia of Christian Apologetics

The Quest for the Historical Jesus, taken from the Baker Encyclopedia of Christian Apologetics

Evidence for the Resurrection of Jesus Christ from the Dead

Resurrection Claims in Non-Christian Religions

Various Topics


Hell, taken from the Baker Encyclopedia of Christian Apologetics

The Current Debate on Creation and Evolution

Was there Death before Adam?, with John Ankerberg

Who Will be Saved, According to the Word of God?

To learn more about Dr. Geisler and to check out more of his work, see here.

Ravi Zacharias has called Geisler "one of the finest theological and philosophical minds of our time." His work is well worth getting acquainted with.

Courage and Godspeed,
Chad A. Gross


1) About Norman Geisler, www.normgeisler.com

Wednesday, March 11, 2009

Cookie Monster Objections

A friend of mine and I often discuss the various objections atheists consistently raise against the Christian faith (this is what I am interested in defending).

Numerous objections are normally brought up in our conversations including the problem of evil, naturalism, and alleged contradictions in the Bible.

However, we both agree that many of the objections raised by the unbeliever often have to do with God not working in the manner they think He should.

The following are examples of these types of objections:

"God would not (fill in the blank)."

"If God existed, He would....(fill in the blank)."

"God didn't answer my prayer..."

While discussing these objections (and others like them), my friend provided the following fictitious conversation to illustrate the atheist's position: (admittedly, this does not apply to atheists universally)

: God should have given me cookies. ("cookies" could be anything here)

: Maybe God doesn't give out cookies.

(Meaning, maybe God had a purpose for not answering your prayer in the manner that you pre-determined was acceptable. After all, if the God of Christianity exists, I believe it's completely logical to conclude that He most likely has a better vantage point in which to decide what we do and do not need.)

: I used to believe that God would give out cookies, but I didn't get any. So, my experience tells me that God doesn't exist. Therefore, your suggestion that maybe God doesn't give out cookies doesn't make any difference.
(Translation: God didn't give me what I wrongly believed He should; therefore, He obviously cannot exist.)

For this reason, I have named these types of objections Cookie Monster Objections. I believe that the thoughtful person can immediately see why these types of objections fail to cast any doubt on whether or not the Christian God exists.

Please consider the following:

1) If the Christian God exists (and I believe we have good reason to believe He does), then I see no logical reason to assume that He is required to act in any way that we (finite humans) pre-determine to be acceptable.

2) It is completely reasonable to believe that God has reasons for answering prayers and reasons for not answer prayers. Imagine the chaos that would ensue if God provided everyone with everything they wanted.

I myself can look back and remember prayers that I shared with God that were not answered, and I can honestly say that I am now thankful that He did not answer them the way that I had requested. See Isaiah 55:8-9

3) When someone requests something it is important to remember that "no" is a valid answer. It may not be a desired answer, but an answer nonetheless.

4) Answered prayer can certainly be considered evidence for the existence of God; however, it is not necessary evidence for the existence of God.

5) The purpose of prayer is not to treat God like a cosmic drive-thru, but to shape our character to be more like His own.

6) Finally, could it be that God is not the problem? Could it be the Asker of the prayer? Scripture does provide us with reasons as to why God may not answer specific prayers:

We really don't believe God can answer (Matthew 21:22; James 1:6-8).

We ask with wrong motives (James 4:3).

Unconfessed sin separates us from God so He will not hear (Isaiah 59:1-2).

We set up idols in our hearts that come between us and God (Ezekiel 14:3).

We don't answer those who cry for help (Proverbs 21:13).


For myself, I believe the most important question is- "Do I have good reason to believe that the Christian God exists and has revealed Himself through Jesus Christ?" I have concluded that I do; therefore, He is sovereign over all things and knows what I need better than I do.

Jesus Himself, when faced with the crucifixion, prayed:

"My Father, if it be possible, let this cup pass from me; nevertheless, not as I will, but as you will" (Matthew 26:39b, ESV; Emphasis mine).

There are no easy answers to the mystery of unanswered prayer; however, perhaps unanswered prayer is a necessary part of the growing process for every believer.

Each of us either desires the will of God or our own will. When all is said and done, God is gentlemen enough to say, "as you will..."

Courage and Godspeed,
Chad A. Gross


1) Dawson McAllister, Why aren't my prayers answered?, http://christiananswers.net/q-dml/dml-y002.html, 1997.

Tuesday, March 10, 2009

Article: The Need for Apologetics by Norman Geisler

Hello everyone! As I have written about in the past, it is many times the job of the apologist to not only demonstrate the rationality of the Christian faith to the skeptic, but also to effectively communicate the body of Christ why apologetics is vital in their own walk with Christ and to the Christian faith itself.

Admittedly, I have received many objections from Christians regarding the role that apologetics should, or should not play, in the life of the Christian. The Bible is very clear that each of us are to be "ready to give a defense to anyone who asks you for the reason for the hope that is in you" (1 Peter 3:15b; CSB).

In this article, Dr. Norman Geisler explains The Need For Apologetics.

As Geisler rightly points out:

"Christianity is under attack today, and it must be defended."

Geisler looks at 1) objections to defending the faith: biblical and extra-biblical 2) objections to apologetics outside the Bible, and 3) the reasons for defending the faith.

I encourage our readers to take the time to work through this article and be reminded of why we must be prepared to defend our faith and to intelligently explain what it is we believe to the best our ability.

You can read it here.

Courage and Godspeed,
Chad A. Gross

Monday, March 09, 2009

Audio: The Minimal Facts Approach by Dr. Gary Habermas

Hello Everyone! In this brief audio, Dr. Gary Habermas explains his "minimal facts" approach for arguing persuasively for the life, death, and bodily resurrection of Jesus Christ.

By using only the facts that 95% of critical and non-critical scholars concede as historical established, Dr. Habermas is able to present a compelling case for the validity of the resurrection account.

This short piece of audio can be found here; and for more on Dr. Habermas and to view his works, I highly recommend his website.

Courage and Godspeed,
Chad A. Gross

Apologist Profile: Dr. Paul Copan

Hello Everyone! In an effort to provide great resources and informed answers to the various objections and challenges that followers of Christ face, I am going to start a series that highlights different apologists and some of their works. I have, and continue to, benefited from their works and believe our readers will as well.

My hope is that these resources will help to educate and challenge both believer and non-believer.

First up in the series is Dr. Paul Copan. Copan is an apologist and philosopher who's educational credentials included:

Ph.D. in philosophy, M.A. (cum laude), Diploma in Philosophy of Religion, B.A. (cum laude), Diploma in Biblical Studies
Currently Pledger Family Chair of Philosophy and Ethics at Palm Beach Atlantic University

He is the author or co-author of many books and articles that tackle topics such as morality, God's existence, and relativism.

Some of his books include


Naturalism, Morality, and God

Is Yahweh a Moral Monster? The New Atheists and Old Testament Ethics

The Moral Argument for God's Existence

Who Are You to Judge Others?-
In Defense of Making Moral Judgements

Existence of God

God- The Best Explanation taken from Loving Wisdom: Christian Philosophy of Religion

God Can't Possibly Exist Given the Evil and Pain I See in the World!- A Brief Response to the Problem of Evil

Responds to Skepticism/Relativism

How Do You Know You're Not Wrong?- Responding to Skepticism

That's True for You, But Not for Me- A Brief Response to Relativism

You Christians Are So Narrow-minded!- A Brief Response to the Charge of Intolerance.

If You Were Born in India, You Would Be a Hindu- A Brief Response to Religious Pluralism

To see more about Dr. Copan and to check out his books and articles, see here.

I hope that these resources prove helpful.

Courage and Godspeed,
Chad A. Gross

Friday, March 06, 2009

Featured Blog: Wintery Knight

Hello everyone! I have recently run across some excellent online resources and one of them is a newer blog entitled Wintery Knight Blog.

This blog offers excellent commentaries on debates, tackles common objections offered by unbelievers, and much more.

Here is a sample taken from a post entitled How do Atheist Scholars justify Morality on Atheism in Debates?

"I want to tell you that the easiest topic to debate with non-Christians is the foundations of morality. Here’s a primer:

  1. If atheism is true, there is no free will. As Dawkins says, there is only DNA and you dance to its music. Period. If there is no free will, there are no moral choices and no moral responsibility. Moral actions are not rationally justifiable on atheism.
  2. If atheism is true, humans are accidents with no intrinsic value. Any value that is assigned to humans is arbitrary, and arbitrary standards do not constrain the will of rational people when it is not in their best interest and they will not be caught (e.g. - Stalin).
  3. If atheism is true, there is no accountability. Being good or evil is irrelevant to where you end up, and where humanity ends up. (The heat death of the universe). Being good when it hurts is irrational on atheism. Being bad on atheism is rational if you won’t get caught and you get pleasure.
  4. There are only 2 reasons to be moral on atheism. If you get pleasure out of following these made-up rules or if you avoid punishment. That is not what theists mean by virtue. Acting in the way you were designed to act in order to achieve what Aristotle called eudaimonia."

To check out more of this article and this excellent resource, see here.

Please feel free to share your thoughts and many thanks to the Wintery Knight for permission to feature the blog!

Courage and Godspeed,
Chad A. Gross

Wednesday, March 04, 2009

Truth Suppressed?

In Paul's letter to the church in Rome, he tells us that those who reject God in exchange for their own ungodliness "suppress the truth." He goes on to say that "for what can be know about God is plain to them, because God has shown it to them. For his invisible attributes, namely, his eternal power and divine nature, have been clearly perceived every since the creation of the world, in the things that have been made. So they are without excuse" (Romans 18b; 19-20).

In Frank Turek's latest article, Sleeping with your Girlfriend, he explores some of the reasons why atheists willingly choose to reject God.

Turek writes:

"I’ve found that the machine-gun-objection approach is common among many skeptics and liberals. They throw objection after objection at believers and conservatives but never pause long enough to listen to the answers. It doesn’t matter that you’ve just answered their question with an undeniable fact—they’ve already left that topic and are rattling off another objection on another topic as if you hadn’t said a word. They don’t really seem interested in finding answers but in finding reasons to make themselves feel better about what they want to believe.

After all, a skeptic of one set of beliefs is actually a true believer in another set of beliefs...unbelief is more motivated by the heart than the head." [1]

Check out the entire article here.

Courage and Godspeed,

Chad A. Gross


1) Dr. Frank Turek, Sleeping with your Girlfriend, http://www.crossexamined.org/blog/?p=98, March 2, 2009, Emphasis mine.

Tuesday, March 03, 2009

"Can the Christian Know?"

When the Christian claims to know that Christianity is true, it is not uncommon for someone to quip, "You can't know that!"

Indeed, on the surface the claim seems extravagant or possibly even outrageous; however, does the Christian have solid ground when he or she proclaims that they know Christianity is true?

In his article, Can the Christian Know?, Brian Auten of Apologetics 315 takes a look at this very question.

Brian writes:

"Christianity claims to be true. Christians believe it to be true. But can the Christian know that it is true? Moreover, can the believer who cannot prove Christianity to be true, legitimately say that he knows that Christianity is true? Our purpose here is twofold: to show that the Christian can legitimately claim to know that Christianity is true, and to explore how the Christian knows."

Brian's article is unique and thought-provoking and I encourage you to take the time to read it.

You can read it here.

Courage and Godspeed,
Chad A. Gross